Hip Displasia

Considered to be partly hereditary, and partly environmentally and feeding. This is a

 condition where the hip joint, does not fit properly into the pelvis. This condition

unfortunately occurs to a certain degree in the majority of St.Bernards, and can cause

 varying degrees of lameness. Dogs that suffer from severe hip dysplasia should not

be used for breeding. Though, this should not be the only consideration when buying

a Saint. Rather consider the package as a whole, with temperament being on top of

the list.

Have your dog tested between 18-24 months, if you consider breeding, or just to know

about your dogs health.

When breeding is considered it’s important to know your dog’s score. Always make

sure you breed with a dog/ bitch with a better score then your dog/bitch Always try to

 buy from breeders who test, so you’d know your chances of clean/displastic hips.

Hipscores are usually indicated next to the dogs name om the pedigree certificate and

 indicated as HD 0/0 (depending on the score, as indicated in tables below).

 

 FCI grading scheme:

FCI  Grade Description FCI cryteria Old SA Grade
A1 Excellent hips No Signs of Dysplasia 0
A2 Good Hips               ”            0
B1 Fair Hips Near normal hip joints            0
B2 Marginal Dysplasia               ”            1
C1 Mild Dysplasia Mild Hip Dysplasia            1
C2 Mild to moderate Dysplasia               ”             1
D1 Moderate Dysplasia Moderate Dysplasia            2
D2 Moderate to  severe Dysplasia               ”            2
E1 Severe Dysplasia Severe Dysplasia            3
E2 Very Severe Dysplasia               ”            4

 

International Hip Score Comparison Table 

Classification

FINLAND

NETHERLANDS

GERMANY

SWEDEN

SWITZ

USA

GREAT BRITAIN

 South Africa

A1

El – dysplasiaa “hyval”

Negatief geheel gaaf (1)

Kein Hinweis fuer HD

Utmark

Frei

Excellent

Total score of  

0 –  4

A1

A2

El – dysplasiaa

Negatief niet  geheel gaaf (2)

Kein Hinweis fuer HD

UA

Frei

Good

Total score of  

5 – 10

A2

B1

Rajatapaus

Transitional Case (Tc)

Obergangs – form verdaechtig fuer HD

UA

Frei

Fair

Total score of

11 – 19

B1

B2

Rajatapaus

Transitional Case (Tc)

Obergangs – form verdaechtig fuer HD

I

I

Borderline

Total score of 19-25

B2

C1

I

Licht positief (3)

Leichte HD

I

I

Mild HD

Total score of 26-35

C1

C2

I

Licht positief (3)

Leichte HD

I

I

Mild HD

Total score of 26-35

C2

D1

II

Positief (3.5)

Mittlere HD

II

II

Moderate HD

Total score of 36-50

D1

D2

II

Positief (4)

Mittlere HD

II

II

Moderate HD

Total score of 36-50

D2

E1

III

Positief (4)

Schwere HD

III

III

Severe

Total score of 51-106

E1

E2

IV

Positief optima forma (5)

Schwere HD

IV

IV

Severe

Total score of 51-106

E2

This table is provided as an un-official means of comparing international hip scores, as there is currently
 no official FCI comparison data available for all countries listed here  Total accuracy can thus not be guaranteed.

.

 

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